A viral infection associated with a fever as high as 104 degrees, generalized muscle aches, cough, chills, sore throat, weakness and/or fatigue and headache.
· Drink fluids (average 8oz. per hour during the awake hours) Fluids such as juice, Sprite or 7-Up, and Gatorade are encouraged. Avoid drinking only caffeinated beverages such soda, coffee, tea, or energy drinks.
· Tylenol or Advil (Ibuprofen-take with food) 2 tablets every 4-6 hours for fever and/or pain/aches.
DO NOT TAKE ASPIRIN FOR A FEVER as serious complications may arise such as Reye’s Syndrome. This syndrome occurs in children and young adults, and can result in liver failure or brain injury.
· Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil.)
· Cool, tepid showers (not cold or hot)
· Don’t bundle up-this keeps your core body temperature up.
· If no improvement after 24-48 hours or temperature increases, seek medical advice. In some cases, a fever is beneficial in helping your body rid itself of a virus.
· Drink lots of fluids to loosen secretions-hot ones to soothe the throat.
· Gargling with warm salt water can help reduce swelling in the throat.
· Inhale warm, moist air – humidifier or a facial steamer.
· Get plenty of rest
· DON’T SMOKE, smoking thickens your secretions.
· Tylenol or other acetaminophen products for aches/pains or fever.
· Decongestants such as Pseudophedrine (Sudafed) for congestion
· Antihistamines such as Benadryl or ChlorTrimeton for a runny or drippy nose.
· Cough syrup for coughs like Robitussin DM. (ASTHMATICS SHOULD NOT TAKE UNLESS ADVISED BY A PHYSICIAN)
If your cold does not clear up in 3 days, or if you have the following symptoms seek medical attention.
· Chronic fatigue
· Red/raw throat
· Fever greater than 100.5 degrees F. for longer than two days.
· Cough with production of YELLOW OR GREEN mucus
· YELLOW, GREEN OR BLOODY nasal drainage
· Pain or tenderness around eyes
· Painful swelling of the neck glands
· Painful breathing, wheezing or shortness of breath
· Finishing the complete course of medication is important; even if you start feeling better you need to take the entire antibiotic.
· Good hand washing is the easiest and best way to prevent the spread of germs.
· Throat cultures are not taken until you’ve had a sore throat for 24 hours—if it does turn out negative but symptoms persist after 2-3 days be rechecked. A culture is not valid if you have already started taking an antibiotic.
Nausea / Vomiting
Seek medical advice if vomiting persists for more than 24 hours. If you are vomiting blood, go to the emergency department.
· Nausea: intake only small amounts of clear liquid fluids, crackers or dry toast.
· Vomiting: Nothing to eat/drink until your vomiting has stopped for at least 4 hours. It is best to give your stomach a rest.
How to advance your diet once vomiting has stopped:
· For the first 1 – 2 hours: sips of water, ice chips or popsicles are recommended.
· First 24 hours: Gradually increase your fluid intake. Remain on clear liquids such as 7-up, tea, broth, jello, sports drinks (any liquid you can see through). NO MILK PRODUCTS
· Second 24 hours: Add easily digested foods such as: bananas, rice, applesauce or toast. No milk products.
· Third 24 hours: Regular diet, although avoid greasy or spicy foods until day 4.
During acute phases of diarrhea, stress to the digestive system should be minimized. Seek medical advice if diarrhea persists.
· Eat 5-6 small meals a day, using foods from the following lists. The diet may be used for 2-3 days only, as it is nutritionally inadequate.
· Day 1: Bananas, applesauce, boiled skim milk (cooled or warm), cooked refined cereal, cooked rice, eggs (not fried), tea (no sugar).
· Day 2 & 3: Can add the following; mashed potatoes, chicken or other tender lean meats, mild cooked vegetables, and canned or cooked fruits. AVOID…fried, fatty or raw foods and/or sweets and desserts.
· Day 4: Resume normal diet