Millikin University - Decatur, IL
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A viral infection associated with a fever as high as 104 degrees, generalized muscle aches, cough, chills, sore throat, weakness and/or fatigue and headache.


·         Rest

·         Drink fluids (average 8oz. per hour during the awake hours). Fluids such as juice, Sprite or 7-Up, and Gatorade are encouraged.  Avoid drinking only caffeinated beverages such soda, coffee, tea, or energy drinks. 

·         Tylenol or Advil (Ibuprofen-take with food) 2 tablets every 4-6 hours for fever and/or pain/aches.




DO NOT TAKE ASPIRIN FOR A FEVER as serious complications may arise such as Reye’s Syndrome.  This syndrome occurs in children and young adults, and can result in liver failure or brain injury.


·         Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil).

·         Cool, tepid showers (not cold or hot).

·         Don’t bundle up-this keeps your core body temperature up.

·         Rest

·         Fluids

·         If no improvement after 24-48 hours or temperature increases, seek medical advice. In some cases, a fever is beneficial in helping your body rid itself of a virus.




·         Drink lots of fluids to loosen secretions-hot ones to soothe the throat.

·         Gargling with warm salt water can help reduce swelling in the throat.

·         Inhale warm, moist air – humidifier or a facial steamer.

·         Get plenty of rest

·         DON’T SMOKE - smoking thickens your secretions.


·         Tylenol or other acetaminophen products for aches/pains or fever.

·         Decongestants such as Pseudophedrine (Sudafed) for congestion.

·         Antihistamines such as Benadryl or ChlorTrimeton for a runny or drippy nose.

·         Cough syrup for coughs like Robitussin DM. (ASTHMATICS SHOULD NOT TAKE UNLESS ADVISED BY A PHYSICIAN)

If your cold does not clear up in 3 days, or if you have the following symptoms seek medical attention.


·         Chronic fatigue

·         Red/raw throat

·         Fever greater than 100.5 degrees F. for longer than two days

·         Cough with production of YELLOW OR GREEN mucus

·         YELLOW, GREEN OR BLOODY nasal drainage

·         Pain or tenderness around eyes

·         Painful swelling of the neck glands

·         Painful breathing, wheezing or shortness of breath

Helpful Hints

·         Finishing the complete course of medication is important; even if you start feeling better you need to take the entire antibiotic.

·         Good hand washing is the easiest and best way to prevent the spread of germs.

·         Throat cultures are not taken until you’ve had a sore throat for 24 hours—if it does turn out negative but symptoms persist after 2-3 days be rechecked. A culture is not valid if you have already started taking an antibiotic.


Nausea / Vomiting


Seek medical advice if vomiting persists for more than 24 hours. If you are vomiting blood, go to the emergency department.


·         Nausea: intake only small amounts of clear liquid fluids, crackers or dry toast.

·         Vomiting: Nothing to eat/drink until your vomiting has stopped for at least 4 hours. It is best to give your stomach a rest.

How to advance your diet once vomiting has stopped:

·         For the first 1 – 2 hours: sips of water, ice chips or popsicles are recommended.

·         First 24 hours: Gradually increase your fluid intake. Remain on clear liquids such as 7-up, tea, broth, jello, sports drinks (any liquid you can see through). NO MILK PRODUCTS

·         Second 24 hours: Add easily digested foods such as: bananas, rice, applesauce or toast. NO MILK PRODUCTS 

·         Third 24 hours: Regular diet, although avoid greasy or spicy foods until day 4.



During acute phases of diarrhea, stress to the digestive system should be minimized. Seek medical advice if diarrhea persists.


·         Eat 5-6 small meals a day, using foods from the following lists. The diet may be used for 2-3 days only, as it is nutritionally inadequate.

·         Day 1: Bananas, applesauce, boiled skim milk (cooled or warm), cooked refined cereal, cooked rice, eggs (not fried), tea (no sugar).

·         Day 2 & 3: Can add the following; mashed potatoes, chicken or other tender lean meats, mild cooked vegetables, and canned or cooked fruits. AVOID fried, fatty or raw foods and/or sweets and desserts.

·         Day 4: Resume normal diet

Millikin University - Decatur, IL
Millikin University - Decatur, IL